NY Farmworkers Demand State to Immediately Approve Standard Overtime Pay
Las Labor laws of the state of New York warn that the working day Regular in most industries is 40 hours, and whoever works more than that limit must earn a higher additional payment for overtime.
But this precept does not apply to employees of agricultural industry (mainly immigrants), who in a fact that many qualify as a clear sign of racial and economic injustice, by law, are only protected to receive extra payments after 60 business hours.
This is how he confesses Leticiaa mother of a family who has spent years working in the fields in New York, and who this Wednesday joined the call for the work Department put once and for all end exclusion and second class treatment that receive agricultural employees, and put them in the same bag as the rest of the workers, paying them overtime after 40-hour shifts. That was the recommendation he made last January State Department of Labor Wage Board to move the overtime threshold from 60 hours to 40 hours, and which on Tuesday was officially transmitted to the Commissioner of the Department of Labor (DOL), Roberta Reardon, who now has 45 days to accept, reject or modify the proposal and rule no later than next October.
“I have to work every day and a week I work from 60 to 70 and even 80 hours, something that affects the health and development of our children. Working like this, we can’t be on vacation, school events, medical visits, it doesn’t leave us time to help them with their homework or spend time with them, and even so, we don’t earn overtime,” the farm worker narrated.
“We want to earn extra hours. This way my life would change in all aspects and I would not feel so exploited in the workplace; we want to be heard and not excluded“added the employee of the agricultural sector. “That is why we are asking the governor and the Labor Department to recognize that overtime pay is after 40 hours and that it be done by law. Don’t look down on us. The work we do is hard and we don’t deserve any more exclusion. we want equality“.
Since 2019, when the Legislature passed the Farmworker Fair Labor Practices Actwhich improved many aspects of the employment plan for these employees, fixed the payment of overtime after 60 hours a week, and although it asked the Department of Labor to call a wage board to decide if that threshold should be lowered, that agency has not implemented changes yet, which even endorses Governor Hochul.
If the Farmworker Wage Board’s recommendation is approved, things would gradually start to shift until reaching a 40-hour overtime threshold for farmworkers over ten years beginning in January 2024. With this proposal things would kick off. to change for workers in two years, when the overtime threshold would experience its first reduction, with extra payments after 56 hours. Then the threshold would continue to drop by 4 hours every two years, until reaching 40 hours in 2032.
Leaders of workers’ defense organizations joined the call, and demanded that to improve the fair working conditions of the estimated 30,000 to 70,000 workers in agriculture in New York and end the exploitation, henceforth be granted the same rights as any other worker over overtime.
“Paying farmworkers overtime isn’t just the right thing to do. It will also boost the agricultural economy New York towards modernization. When farm owners have to pay overtime, it pushes them to be better managers,” he said. David Dyssegaard Kallick, director of the Immigration Research Initiative. “There is a cost to farm owners, to be sure, but it is not a dollar-for-dollar cost, and in the long run it will make New York State’s agricultural economy more resilient and competitive.”
Jessica Maxwellexecutive director of Workers Center of Central New Yorkwas optimistic about a change soon, as the Wage Board has recognized the injustice being done to these workers and issued recommendations to gradually introduce a 40-hour threshold for overtime pay for farmworkers .
“We are excited that New York State is finally catching up with California, Washington, and Oregon to become the fourth state to switch to a 40-hour workweek for farmworkers.“Said the activist, at a time when the ball is in the hands of the state authorities that govern labor matters. “We urge the Department of Labor and the Governor to expedite implementation, given the multi-year deliberation and hearing process and lengthy incorporation timeline.”
Lisa Zuckerattorney for legislative affairs the New York Civil Liberties Unionassured that it is time to act quickly to correct the injustices and exclusion with which farm workers have been treated.
“Farmworkers have waited more than 80 years for an end to the racist exclusion that has robbed them of countless hours of overtime pay. Governor Hochul and Commissioner Reardon must prevent another generation of workers from suffering by unequivocally accepting the Wage Board’s recommendation,” said the advocate. “With Governor Hochul’s more than dollar-for-dollar refundable tax credit, there is no reason the overtime limit cannot be immediately lowered to 40 hours, eradicating this racist Jim Crow policy once and for all.”
Murad Awawdehexecutive director of the New York Immigration Coalition (NYIC) He stressed that immigrant farmworkers are the ones who feed the state because without their labor the agricultural industry and food supply could not exist.
“Nevertheless, are inexcusably excluded from the right to fair compensation for overtime pay after 40 hours of worka remnant of Jim Crow’s racist legacy of excluding farmworkers from labor rights,” said the immigrant community advocate.
“For too long, farmworkers have been forced to bear the burden of a skewed system and they have been paid less for their overtime work than the rest of the workforce in the state. It is time for the DOL to act quickly to implement this recommendation and treat farmworkers fairly and with the dignity and respect they deserve.” Awawdeh.
Stuart Appelbaumpresident of the Retail, Wholesale and Department Stores Union (RWDSU) acknowledged that in 2019, the state took a bold step when it enacted the Farmworker Fair Labor Practices Act, but criticized it for falling behind on labor justice issues, by not giving farmworkers a 40-hour workweek with overtime pay.
“Farmworkers deserve the same dignity and respect on the job as other workers in the statemost of whom are already entitled to the 40-hour work week,” said the union leader. “Let’s get it right and bring full justice to farmworkers. The Department of Labor has an opportunity to give farmworkers equal rights and protections, so we urge the swift adoption of this plan to right the wrongs of history.”
After the demand of the workers and the defense organizations of the agricultural employees, the Department of Labor of the State of New York (DOL) stated that the recommendations are being analyzed.
“Commissioner Reardon received the official report from the Farmworker Wage Board and is currently under review. The Commissioner’s decision will be announced in the coming weeks.”
If the recommendations are adopted, this will allow the Department to undergo a rulemaking process, during which there will be a 60-day public comment period.
Farmworker Overtime Pay Data in New York
- 60 hours is the current working day needed to start earning overtime
- 40 hours is the working day for most workers in NY to start asking for extra pay
- $39,137 is the average salary for a farm worker in NY
- 2,297 agricultural companies exist in NY
- 2019 the Legislature passed the Farmworker Fair Labor Practices Act, but set overtime pay after 60 hours a week
- 18 months gave the Department of Labor to analyze if it lowered that threshold
- Last January the Farmworker Wage Board voted to phase in a 40-hour overtime threshold for farmworkers over ten years.
- 2024 would be the first year of reduction of the threshold of hours to apply for extras
- 56 hours would be required in 2024 to start requesting extra payments
- 4 hours the threshold would continue to be lowered every two years
- 2032 would be the year that agricultural workers would be able to be equated with the regular 40-hour day to request extra payments
- On September 6, 2022, the Labor Commissioner received the proposal
- The Department of Labor now has 45 days to refer to this proposal
- 60 days after that, if approved, there would be a rulemaking process, during which there would be a public comment period.